Gambar Meridian Lambung – Yang ming kaki
Stomach Foot Yangming
St-3 Juliao 巨髎 Huge Crevice
Descriptive of the location of the point, lying in a depression on the cheekbone.
St-4 Dicang 地仓 Earth Granary
Beside the mouth which is taken as the entrance to the granary of the stomach and spleen. Earth is the element of the Foot Yangming on which the point lies.
St-5 Daying 大迎 Great Welcome
An ancient term for the jawbone. This point lies on the jawbone, a location which receives in (welcomes) the abundance of air that descends, into the lungs, to nourish the whole body.
The point lies on the Foot Yangming, which welcomes in the natural energy used to sustain life. The greatness in this, and other points, has been described in the hexagram Great Possession (No.4) in the Book of Change.
St-6 Jiache 颊车 Cheek Carriage, Mandible Wheel
On the lower part of the jaw, movable like a carriage-wheel. The lower jawbone, or mandible, is movable back and forth like a wheel.
St-8 Touwei 头维 Head Corner, Head Tied
On the corner of the skull which protects the brain. In ancient times, people fastened (tied) their hats to this point. Also it strengthens the Yang qi of the four limbs, a junction or tie for all the Yang qi.
The four corners of the skull correspond to north, south, east and west and to the trigrams Qian, Kun, Gen and Sun in the Book of Change.
St-9 Renying 人迎 People Welcome
The point lies where the air of the heavens is made welcome into the human body. It can also refer to the pulsation of the artery at this point, received by, or welcomed to, the hand.
St-11 Qishe 气舍 Energy Room
Lying near the throat, where the breath-energy (qi) enters the body.
St-15 Wuyi 屋翳 Room Screen
Lying on the chest (a ‘room’), it acts so as to screen off the vital organs within, thus giving protection. Yi has a less common meaning of ‘roof’, in which case the chest is seen as the roof to the room which houses the vital organs ithin.
St-18 Rugen 孚根 Root of the Breast
Self-explanatory. Refers to the location and area of effect.
St-19 Burong 不容 Not At Ease
Used to treat diseases when the stomach is uncomfortable and ill at ease, it eases the feeling of vomiting. The stomach is known as ‘the sea of water and grain’.
St-25 Tianshu 天枢 Heavenly Pivot
At the juncture (pivot) of the upper and lower parts of the whole body.
Likewise the pivot of heaven and earth. The Su Wen describes the upper body as being ruled by the heavenly qi, while the lower is ruled by the earthly qi. Generally, all ‘heavenly’ points are above this location.
Also the name of a star is the Plough constellation – the pivot of the sky and earth.
See also Wushu GB-27, Five Hubs, and Daheng Sp-15, Great Horizontal.
St-28 Shuidao 水道 Water Path
Has the effect of dredging out the channels of the body which carry fluids, including water, and promoting their passage.
Water is the Yin qi of the earth and one of the Five Elements. The Thousand Remedies points out that without water there is no life.
St-30 Qichong 气冲 Energy Rushing
Lying on the lower abdomen, the point acts upon the qi which rushes abnormally upwards – this can mean literally air, wind upwards, simply the sensation of bloating, or energy moving.
This point is also a major point on the Chong (or ‘rushing’) extra vessel and thus can enhance its effect on the lower abdomen.
St-33 Yinshi 阴市 Yin Market
This is the usual name – where ‘market’ means fair or meeting-place.
However, the Anhui Convention decided that this point-name had suffered a textual error, which is quite likely in any ideographic language. They agreed that properly ski should be pronounced fu and translated as ‘skirt’ rather than ‘market’. The point is at the lower margin of an ancient kind of skirt which covered the ‘Yin’ organs, in which case it should be named ‘Yin Skirt’. Compare Huiyin Ren-1, Meeting Yin.
St-34 Liangqin 梁丘 Hill Ridge
Lying between two muscles on the upper thigh, as if close to the ridge of a hill. Liang can also mean grain. The point is the Xi-cleft point of the Foot Yangming, and the stomach acts as a storehouse, a ‘hill’ or mound of grain.
St-35 Dubi 犊鼻 Calf’s Nose
At a depression beside the patella ligament which looks like the nose of a calf.
St-36 Zusanli 足三里 Three Miles (Leg), Leg Three Miles
The point is about three cun (anatomical inches) from the knee joint. See above, Shousanli Li-10, Three Miles (Arm), as to an alternative meaning.
Both points are on Yangming channels.
St-38 Tiaokou 条口 Stalk Mouth
Mouth in the sense of ‘opening’. Tiao means stalk, but also anything long and narrow, like the body of the leg muscle at this point. Thus the point is an opening on the muscle. It also lies between the two points St-37, Upper Great Void and St-38, Lower Great Void.
St-40 Fenglong 丰隆 Abundant Splendour, Rich and Full
On a part of the leg where the muscles are well developed (abundant).
The Luo-junction point of the Foot Spleen Old Yin and Yangming (both organs associated with the element Earth). Thunder is seen as stored in the ground during the winter, properly abundant in the energy of the soil – at the arrival of spring thunder-clouds appear to herald the spring. Thus the point-name also means the rumbling thunder and shower clouds of the spring season.
St-41 Jiexi 解溪 Released Stream
Lying in the crevice (valley, stream) of the ankle, it may be used to treat flaccidity (released) of the ankle-joint. The ankle-joint must also be relaxed or released for the point to be located.
Jie can also mean to open or divide – the point lies between the tendons where they divide out.
St-42 Chongyang 冲阳 Rushing Yang
The Yuan-source point on the Foot Yangming. The channel qi here reaches a rushing intensity. See Taichong Liv-3, Great Rushing, for the broader meaning of ‘rushing’.
St-43 Xiangu 陷谷 Sinking Valley
The Shu-stream point of the Foot Yangming. Here the channel, having crossed the plateau by Chongyang St-42, Rushing Yang, above, now sinks down between the two metatarsal bones of the foot as if travelling along the bottom of a valley.
Sunken ground can hold water and the point is used to treat oedema and other water problems.
St-44 Neiting 内庭 Inner Courtyard
Within the depression (courtyard) between the second and third toes. Nei can also mean a tenon. The toe nestles into the foot in the manner of a tenon and mortise joint – the link between them indistinguishable.
St-45 Lidui 厉兑 Hard Bargain, Sick Mouth
There is some doubt over the naming of this point. Li can mean a variety of things: ‘quickness’, ‘hardship’, ‘sick’, ‘a northwest wind’, ‘to calm and quieten’. Dui can mean ‘exchange’, or ‘point’, ‘hole’. The point has a sobering effect on the mind, thus ‘Quietening Point’ may be the better translation. I have also called it ‘Sick Mouth’ as it can be used for this area. There is no obvious derivation.
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