Gambar Meridian Ren
Ren (Conception) Vessel
Ren-1 Huiyin 会阴 Meeting Yin
The point on the perineum, the low (Yin) point on the torso. Also the point where the urino-genital (Yin) organs converge.
Ren-3 Zhongji 中极 Central Ultimate
In the middle of the human body; the ultimate root of the body’s vital qi.
Also a name for the pole-star around which the heavens appear to turn.
The Thousand Remedies takes the heart as the ‘central ultimate’ of the body (the Taoist classics take the navel as the ‘central ultimate’ of the whole belly). Both areas are central to the body.
Ren-3 Yuquan 玉泉 Jade Spring
Another name for Zhongji. The precious (jade) spring, sending forth the body’s vital qi.
Ren-4 Guanyuan 关元 Primal Gate, Frontier Gate
More accurately, ‘Frontier Gate of the Primal’. Yuan is a term meaning the ‘source’ energy of life accessible at the Yuan-source points on primarily the Yin channels. This particular point is the gate where the vital Yin and Yang qi of the lower Jiao is retained, the ‘frontier-post’ where it may depart or arrive as it wishes.
Dantian Elixial Field
The famous nomenclature dantian describes the seat of inner wisdom (the character dan depicts cinnabar in a pot, or ‘elixir’). Physiologically it lies close to the complex of autonomic nerves within the lower belly. Needling this point enables the deepest health of the body and mind.
Ren-5 Shimen 石门 Stone Gate
Stone has the connotation of sterility and barrenness; traditionally, this point was needled only with the greatest care as it was said to cause sterility in women. Conversely because of its effect on the lower Jiao, it is also said to regulate menstruation and enhance fertility – especially if the belly is hard and unyielding like stone. Both explanations are tenable and complementary.
Distinguish Shiguan K-18, Stone Border Gate.
Ren-6 Qihai 气海 Sea of Energy, Energy Sea
An important centre of the body’s vital qi and vigour, it is useful in all diseases concerning energy, especially when it perversely rushes upwards, or in distension of the abdomen.
The space within the chest is sometimes known as the Upper Sea of Energy, whilst here, below, the navel is the Lower Sea of Energy.
Ren-7 Yinjiao 阴交 Yin Crossing, Yin Junction (Belly)
Lying beneath the navel (the Yin half of the body) where several channels intersect, including the Ren, Young Yin and Chong-rushing extra channel.
The Yellow Courtyard names this point the dantian or fields of the Elixir. See Shenting Du-24, Spiritual Courtyard.
Not to be confused with Sanyinjiao Sp-6, Three Yin Junction.
Ren-9 Shuifen 水分 Water Division
The point lies above the small intestine, which divides the clear from the turbid fluids in the body. Clear fluids are sent to the bladder, the turbid to the large intestine. Very effective in treating all water problems, especially when clear and turbid become mixed together, in dysentery or diarrhoea, for example.
Ren-10 Xiawan 下脘 Lower Diaphragm, Lower Duct
Over the lower part of the stomach or diaphragm. Compare Zhongwan Ren-12, Middle Diaphragm, and Shangwan Ren-13, Upper Diaphragm.
Ren-11 Jianli 建里 Established Within
Food and drink pass this point into the stomach, where they establish the strength of the inner body and the middle Jiao.
Ren-12 Zhongwan 中脘 Middle Diaphragm, Middle Duct
Over the middle part of the stomach, or diaphragm. Also called Great Granary – directly descriptive of the stomach. Compare Shangwan Ren-13, Upper Diaphragm, and Xiawan Ren-10, Lower Diaphragm.
Ren-13 Shangwan 上脘 Upper Diaphragm, Upper Duct
Lying over the upper part of the stomach and diaphragm. Compare Zhongwan Ren-12, Middle Diaphragm, and Xiawan Ren-10, Lower Diaphragm.
Ren-14 Juque 巨阙 Great Deficiency, Great Vacuity
Located in the large gap or depression (deficiency) below the sternum or breastbone. Also the name of an ancient type of sword, which the sternum resembles.
The character ju can also mean ‘palace’ or ‘entrance-gate’ – the point is the Front-Mu point of the Heart, seen as Emperor over the other organs.
Thus it is the Great Gate into the palace.
Ren-15 Jiuwei 鸠尾 Dovetail, Tail-Feather Screen
On the tail of the xiphoid process – the tip of the tail of the ‘turtle-dove’.
The stem of the sternum is the bird’s head and the ribs its two wings.
Doves were said never to hiccup and in ancient times were eaten as a remedy for hiccups. The point can be used to treat hiccups, travel-sickness or nausea, for example.
Ren-17 Shanzhong 膻中 Between the Breasts, Within the Breasts
Located in the middle of the chest. The Front-Mu point of the Heart Protector Hand Absolute Yin. An alternative interpretation suggests it could mean ‘to bare the chest to locate the point’.
Ren-18 Yutang 玉堂 Jade Hall
Lying over the lungs, a precious location on the body as ornate and valuable as a jade stone. The hall lies within the palace itself – compare Zhongfu Lu-1, Middle Palace, the Front-Mu point of the Lung.
In the Yellow Courtyard the lungs are named as the Jade Hall of the body.
Ren-20 Huagai 华盖 Flower Covering
The huagai was the magnificent canopy on the imperial carriage of the Emperor. The lungs act as a canopy over the heart – the imperial ruler of the body – and the point lies over the heart. Compare Juque Ren-14, Great Vacuity.
Ren-21 Xuanji 璇玑 Jade Pearl
‘Jade’ is rather inadequate in this context for a character meaning an extremely precious stone; xu also means to rotate or turn. Located by the laryngeal cartilage, which also can rotate and turn.
Xuanji can also mean ‘precious mechanism’. It is the name of a star, but more particularly the armillary sphere used to view the heavens. These relevancies are discussed at great length in the Yellow Courtyard.
Ren-22 Tiantu 天突 Heaven Rushing Out
Lying on the throat. The air from the atmosphere (heavens) enters and leaves through the throat on its way down to the lungs. Tu may also be translated as chimney – the point lies on the ‘chimney’ of the body.
Ren-23 Lianquan 廉泉 Border Spring, Tongue Spring
Lying on the edge of the Adam’s apple, the source of the ‘spring’ of fluid in the mouth. Lian can also mean pure, clear, as well as border, angle, corner or tongue. Thus an alternative name could be ‘Clear Spring’.
Ren-24 Chengjiang 承浆 Receiving Fluid
In the depression beneath the lower lip; there is plenty of saliva (fluid) behind this point. The Yellow Courtyard describes saliva as Jade Fluid or Wine Spring, showing the importance of saliva in Taoist internal alchemy.
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